WORLD CULTURAL HERITAGE SITES
The historical background of Korea’s Cultural Heritage Sites is diverse, encompassing the history of Korea from ancient times to the Joseon Dynasty.
- Hosts 70 artifacts including the rock-carved Buddha, the Monument for Preceptor Samyeong, Gilsangtap Pagoda, and the Tripitaka Koreana itself.
- A primary place of worship for kings throughout the Joseon Dynasty.
- Known as the greatest masterpiece of the golden age of Silla.
- A heritage property in which architecture, mathematical principles, geometry, religion, and art are combined.
- A prime exemplar of depicting Buddhist beliefs through architecture.
- Manifests an unparalleled architectural beauty difficult to find even in Asia.
Changdeokgung Palace Complex
- Witness well-preserved sights, like palaces, shrines, and natural wonders.
- Located in Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, this fortress was built by King Jeongjo, Joseon’s 22nd king, Jeongjo, Joseon’s 22nd king, whose aim was to create a new city honoring his father.
Gyeongju Historic Areas
- A historical attraction where the achievements and culture of the Silla dynasty (57 BC – AD 935) have remained well-preserved through pagodas, tombs, fortresses, and more.
Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites
- The finest artifacts for studying the social structure of Korea in the Bronze Age and cultural exchanges with people in Northeastern Asia during the Prehistoric Era.
Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty
- Royal tombs of the Joseon dynasty are heritage sites from the fifth century.
Historic Villages of Korea (Hahoe and Yangdong)
- Historical villages that were developed during the 14th to 15th century.
- Well-preserved examples of typical Korean clan villages based on descents whose members carry the same family name derived from common ancestors.
- Built in the early 7th century, the well-preserved castellation techniques significantly raise the historical and cultural value of the fortress.
Baekje Historic Areas
- Constitutes eight important cultural heritage sites that spread across the cities of Gongju, Buyeo and Iksan.
Sansa (Buddhist Mountain Monasteries in Korea)
- Buddhist mountain monasteries located throughout Korea.
Seowon (Korean Neo-Confucian Academies)
- Korea’s Confucian Academies, built throughout the 16th and 17th centuries.
- Served as schools for scholars to study and improve by following Confucian principles.